KING GEORGE V COINS (1911-1936)
George was the Emperor of India. George reigned from 06 May 1910 through World War I (1914-1918) until his death in 1936.
Reign -06 May 1910-20 January 1936
Coronation – 22 June 1911
Predecessor – Edward VII
Successor – Edward VIII
George was born on 03 June 1865, at London. His father was The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), the eldest son of Queen Victoria.
The marriage of George and May took place on 06 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal in London. On 06 May 1910, King Edward VII died, and the Prince of Wales ascended the throne. George was now King George V and Mary chose the regal name of Queen Mary.
Uniform CoinageThe year 1835 represents the commencement of uniform coinage. It is an epic-making event in the history of British India coins. The principal person responsible for the uniform coinage was James Princeps. At that time Lord William Bentinck was Governor General of India. Before 1835 East India Company coins in all three presidencies Madras, Bombay and Bengal presidencies used to mint coins with name of living or dead Moghul emperor. These coins were also different in weight ,diameter, purity and denominations.They also had different names. The monetary system was confusing and chaotic. For example more than 60 different types of rupee coins existed. In addition to many types were found in other denominations. The introduction of uniform coinage for whole India with regards to weight and standard proved to be immense success for the basis of classification.
The classification of uniform coinage of East India Company during the period 1835 to 1858 AD is based upon the following:
1) On the obverse, the effigy of King William or Queen Victoria with continuous
legend and divided legend.
2) Metals used: gold, silver and copper.
3) Different denominations: e.g., mohur rupee and annas.
4) Presence or absence of privy marks or initials on truncation of the neck.
5) Different dates: e.g. 1835 to1858 AD.
6) On the reverse, number of Berries on left and right wreath.
7) Different diameters in same denomination, depending upon mints of issue.
8) Presences or absence of a dot after the date or after initials.
9) Presences or absence of serif on numbers and on letters.
10) Variations in size of the letters and numerals on reverse.
11) Presence of small or large diamonds in Persian script.
12) In one quarter anna in addition to variation in number of Berries, flat or
slanting top of I in 1835 and “y” of company is “above or opposite or
below “ to a Berry.
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|Brand||Very old coins|
|Minimum Order Quantity||1 Number|
King George V
(Gorge Frederic Ernest – Abert) born on 3rd June 1865 Died on 30th Jan 1936. He was the emperor of INDIA from May 1910 to 1936. He visited INDIA and was crowned in INDIA. He was enthusiastic Philatelist.
British India coins during his monarchy:
1. Coins were issued dated 1911 to 1936. during his rule with his effigy.
2. About 96,000 silver coins was melted down at Calcutta mint, to prepare
two silver thrones for his the use of KG V and his wife during Durbar.
3. All these coins were in bronze and silver except in 1918 a gold coin and in
1918 – 1921 Nickel bronze coins were issued because during this period
silver prices went up due to 1st world was.
4. All these coins on the obverse has a crowned effigy of the king and on
reverse there were four flowers, 3 of them were emblem of UK and 4th
lotus flower the emblem of INDIA.
5. Silver coins of 1911 AD the 1st year of issue, due to engravers mistake on
obverse, the trunk of an elephant was short. It looked like ‘Pig’. Most
coins were withdrawn, the mistake was corrected in the coins form 1912
6. All the coins of KG V were minted in two mints is Calcutta and Bombay.
Silver Jubilee of King George V Rule (1910-1935)
Coins were minted in India with the effigy of King George V from 1911 to 1936. Due to the increase in the price of silver caused by World War I (1914-1918) the silver 1/2 Rupee, 1/4 Rupee and 2 Annas were discontinued and new cupro-nickel coins introduced (8 Annas, 4 Annas, 2 Anna) to join the cupro-nickel 1 Anna coin. These new coins were not popular, so the 8 Anna and 4 Anna coins were discontinued shortly after introduction. The 1/4 Rupee and 1/2 Rupee silver coins quickly resumed production.
MINT MARKS GEORGE V COINS
Bombay Mint :Used a small dot on the reverse under the ornate near the bottom of the coin at 6’o clock position.
Calcutta Mint : No Mint Mark used
Copper Coins of George V
Silver Coins of George V
“Pig Rupee” – Really intresting story
On the 1911 issues of the Rupee, Half Rupee, Quarter Rupee, Two Annas and 1/4 Anna the King is shown wearing a robe with a small elephant on it. This elephant was thought to resemble a pig with the trunk appearing to be a pig snout and the short legs not appearing very elephant-like. This offended the religious sensibilities of many, so most of the Rupees minted for 1911 were withheld from circulation and later melted. The 1912 coins had a redesigned elephant.
One Rupee (1911-1936)
The Rupee was minted in both Calcutta and Bombay.The first year of issue (1911) has an elephant on the Kings robe that was considered to resemble a pig, thus the variety is known as the “pig rupee” (Type I). This variant is also on the 1/2 Rupee, the 1/4 Rupee, the 2 Annas and the 1/4 Anna coins. The elephant figure was redesigned (Type II) and this design was used on all issues starting in 1912.
1/2 Rupee (1911-1936)
The 1/2 Rupee has the same variety as the “Pig Rupee” for 1911 (only from the Calcutta mint)and has the same placement of the dot mint mark for the issues of Bombay. Minting was briefly interrupted when the attempt was made to replace it with the 8 Annas issue in 1919. The coin was issued in 1919 but not in 1920. Minting was resumed in 1921. It was not minted in 1931 and 1932.
1/4 Rupee (1911-1936)
The 1/4 Rupee also had the “pig” variety in 1911 coin (see Rupee for photos of elephant design). After the 1920 issue it was discontinued and replaced with the 4 Annas. However, after the 4 Annas was dropped the 1/4 Rupee was resumed in 1925.
8 Annas – Copper-Nickel (1919-1920)
This coin was introduced in 1919 to replace the silver Half Rupee, because of the increased price of silver. It wasn’t very popular, though, and due to this and a large number of counterfeits, it was discontinued in 1920 and withdrawn from circulation (it ceased to be legal tender in October 1924). In 1920 it was produced only at the Bombay mint.It is a rare coin for British India Coin collectors.
King William IV
Date of birth 21st August 1765. Date of death June 1837.
He was the King of United Kingdom from June 1830 till his death in 1837. He was the 3rd son of King Georg III . He was responsible for many reforms in U K. his two daughters did not survive him. Hence King William IV was succeeded by his niece Queen Victoria.
COINS OF KING WILLIAMS IN BRITISH INDIA
The East India Company during his monarchy issued the coins with his effigy in all three presidencies: Bombay presidency, Madras presidency and Bengal presidency. Till that time all presidencies had gold Mohur, silver rupee and its fractions of different weight, finesse and also different size and even different local names. The currency reform in 1835 during his period rupee and its fractions were standardized to one type with a fixed year 1835. In epic making reform in British India Coinage. All this coins carried his effigy were in all three metals they are Gold, Silver and copper and minted in all three mints that is Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
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This coin was introduced in 1919 to replace its silver equivalent, the 1/4 Rupee. It was discontinued after the 1921 issue. Unlike the 8 Annas, it was not withdrawn from circulation and continued to be legal tender.
2 Annas: Silver(1911-1917) & Cu-Nickel(1918-1936)
The first year of issue 1911 shows the “pig” elephant on the King’s robe.Equal to 1/8 Rupee, it was discontinued after the 1917 issue, replaced by the Copper-Nickel version.
This copper-nickel coin was introduced to replace the silver 2 Annas coin, due to the high cost of silver. This was minted through the end of the George V era. It was produced by both the Calcutta mint (no mint mark) and the Bombay mint (“dot” mint mark).
1 Anna – Copper-Nickel (1912-1936)
This copper-nickel coin, similar to the Edward VII One Anna coin introduced in 1906, was minted only in Bombay 1912-1920.It had no mint mark during these years. After not being minted for two years 1921-1922 minting was resumed at both mints, with the “dot” mint mark indicating the Bombay mint. The coin was again not minted in 1931-1932.
Types of Fancy Number Currency Notes
Types of Fancy Number Currency Notes Many notes come and go from your pockets and wallets, but we have never thought of the mysterious numbers hidden in them! To the naked eye, it would only appear as normal Indian notes. But if you apply certain logic to looking at them, you will be blown away with the kind of fancy numbers these notes can feature. Some notes are easy to find but make no sense until they are paired up or made into a set. Others are extremely rare and you need to be really lucky to have them with you! Apart from the numbers, they also have to be in the perfect condition. The rarity of the note also adds a special value to your collection.
There are several types of fancy and unique numbered currency notes of India. Some are extremely rare and some pairs or sets take many years to be collected. Collecting paper money is an art and you need to have the eye for it. Finding logic in numbers is a skill and it can be mastered only with years of experience and practice. You not only need to have a sharp eye for numbers but also has to constantly be in touch with fellow collectors to complete your most favourite sets or pairs.
It’s only with keen observation, persistence and patience that you can collect your desired notes. They say that beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. The same holds true in the field of Notaphily as well. Unique numbers lie in the eyes of a true collector!
When all digits on the serial number is the same like “11111″ or “22222″ they are termed as solid numbers. When these notes are Vintage, they become even more special. Fun fact: Back in 1918 10 Rupees would make up for an entire year’s salary. Now isn’t that so cool!
Super Solid Number
Super sold number notes are the ones which have the same digit in the prefix as well as the serial number. For example, a note featuring the number ’55 555555’, 2 fives in the prefix and 6 fives in the serial number. The rarity is such that one of these notes would come in 10 crore notes. Only 11 such 10 Rs. notes and 13 such 5 Rs. notes were printed in 1950.
An ultimate note is the one whose inset letters also look like the digits that are present on the prefix and the serial numbers. For example if the inset letter and the prefix alphabet is “B” which looks like the number 8 and the serial number consist of all eights, such a note would be called an Ultimate note. Different logic can also be applied to the inset letters and prefix letters to arrive at a conclusion. For example, if the prefix alphabet is “R”. R is the 18th letter in the string of alphabets. Numerologically, 18 makes 1+8 which equals to 9 as well!
If the prefix alphabet is “S”. “S” is the initial for the number seven.
If the prefix alphabet and inset letter is “V”; V is the 22nd letter in the string of alphabets and 22 is a number made of 2 twos.
Twin notes are identical in terms of prefix, serial number and inset letter as well. There could be minor differences in the designs and the year that they are printed.
Read it from left to right or right to left, the value of the security number does not change at all. These kind of unique notes are called as radar notes. Collecting a pair of radar notes is a unique achievement indeed!
Keep rotating the note any which way you want, the value of the security number does not change! These kinds of special numbered notes are called rotator notes. Very rarely would you find a pair of such notes together.
Reflect or mirror image
This unique set of 2 notes forms a mirror image of the security code when placed adjacent to each other. For example, if one of the notes bear the security code ?99M 000999’ and the other bears the number ?66W 000666’, which are mirror images of each other. Go; check in the mirror if you want.
Radar, Rotator, Reflect (3 in one)
This one is a king of Radar, Rotator and Reflect notes. Since it can be read with any logic you want, it fits the bill perfectly on all occasions. For example, if the Prefix letter is “B”, looks like the number ?8’. Hence the security code “80B 000808″ can be read from left to right, by rotating it any way you want or as mirror images, the value does not change at all. Collecting a unique note like this would be every collector’s dream!
Ascending and Descending Number Notes
You can also have a collection of Ascending and descending number notes when you read their serial numbers. The idea is to have the series of the same denomination to make it a commendable set.
786 Holy Fancy Number
The number 786 is considered to be lucky, many collectors like collecting notes with this series appearing on the serial numbers.
Now, the choice is yours, apply all kinds of logic, permutations and combinations and make your own fancy number note collection.